(article is taken from againstthecompass.com) Overlooked by most travelers in favor of the stunning Silk Road cities of Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva, Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, is a city filled with Islamic and Soviet architecture, home to more than 4 million people, making it the largest city in Central Asia. With extremely wide avenues and plenty of modern restaurants and posh buildings, the surprisingly clean and fancy Tashkent is, definitely, quite different from the idea you have of a Central Asian city. Tashkent is the cultural and economic center of Uzbekistan and one of the wealthiest cities in Central Asia. For some reason, many people believe that Tashkent is a pretty new city but, in fact, its history dates back to the 4th century B.C., as suggested by the evidence found at the ruins of Kanka, an archaeological site located 80km from Tashkent. Furthermore, Tashkent has been an important place in the region for millennia, benefiting from its highly strategic location, on the way to Bukhara, Samarkand, and China. For this reason, over the years, the capital of Uzbekistan has been targeted, sacked and invaded by many groups and civilizations, including the Russian Tsars and, of course, the Soviet Union. Spare a couple of days to pay Tashkent the visit it deserves and I am pretty sure that it won’t disappoint you. Here’s a list of the top places to visit in Tashkent plus a couple of accommodation suggestions and transportation tips.
If you have just arrived in Central Asia for the first time, you should go straight to Chorsu Bazar, one of the most important markets in Central Asia and a fascinating place to get a vague feeling of what the ancient Silk Road trade used to be. The market has been going for centuries, but it was the Soviets who constructed and covered it with the blue-domed building. All the locals come to the bazaar, which means that this is also a great place to observe the ethnic and cultural blend Tashkent is famous for. From all kinds of fruit and meat to underwear and handicrafts, here you can find absolutely anything you want. I strongly recommend you buy kurut, a Central Asian snack which consists of dried cheese balls. They are eaten all across the region but, here, you will find one hundred types of kurut, filled with all kinds of herbs and other ingredients. Chorsu Bazar is one of the best things to do in Tashkent.
In 1966, a 7.5 Richter-scale earthquake destroyed a significant part of Tashkent, especially the old part of the city. The capital had to be completely restored and, as a consequence, architects and planners from all over the Soviet Union came to Tashkent with the sole objective of building a new city which, not surprisingly, followed the classic Soviet city model, consisting of wide roads, concrete buildings and plenty of parks. Among all the projects, the metro was, perhaps, one of the most ambitious as, following the already constructed metro of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, they wanted the Tashkent metro to also be an artistic masterpiece. Built extremely deep in the ground, almost every station of the Tashkent Metro is absolutely gorgeous, all very different from each other. From beautiful mosaics to massive, goldish-candelabras, we spent many hours just going up and down on the metro, while stopping at its many gorgeous stations. Definitely, one of the top places to visit in Tashkent.
Plov is, perhaps, the most famous dish in Central Asia. Consisting of rice fried in lamb fat, with raisins, carrots and different kinds of meat, Uzbekistan is the country where it is eaten most often. The locals consider it a real delicacy and, actually, they eat it practically every day. The Central Asian Plov Center in Tashkent is believed to serve the best plov in the region. They cook it in massive pans (kozon), which can feed hundreds of people. After 5 months of traveling through Central Asia, I came to the conclusion that I seriously hate plov, but many travelers love it and you want to come here for the experience, not for the food. A plov meal costs from 10,000UZS to 15,000UZS (1.20USD to 1.80USD). If you want to see the chefs in action, try to go there before 12pm.
Five minutes walking from the Plov Center, you find a 375-meter TV tower, the highest building in Central Asia. You can actually visit it, but the observation deck is at only 96 meters, even though you get a pretty good panoramic view of Tashkent’s skyline. Price for foreigners is 15USD but I heard from a traveler who managed to pay the local price, which is 36,000UZS (4.30USD). However, bear in mind that you are not allowed to take any photos and, actually, they force you to leave your phone downstairs. It’s not really one of the top things to see in Tashkent but, if you can afford it, it’s a nice way to pass 2 hours.
This is the official religious center in the city and, of course, one of the top Tashkent tourist attractions. Composed of mosques with turquoise domes, not very different from the ones in Samarkand, Hazrat Imam Complex is the main reason to visit Tashkent and the place where you will understand why this Central Asian metropolis had been such an important place. Among all the buildings, Muyi Mubarak Library is the most important, as it contains the world’s oldest Quran and a relic which is nothing less than a hair from Prophet Muhammad, or at least that’s what they claim.
From being an old Islamic school in the 16th century to a caravanserai two hundred years later, a fortress and a place where public executions were held, Kulkedash madrassa is one of the most historic buildings in town. Earthquakes damaged it very badly but it was beautifully reconstructed in the middle of the 20th century. Inside the madrassa you will find a colorful courtyard. Entrance fee: 5,000UZS (60¢). Another of the top tourist places in Tashkent.
Containing the most important monuments and political and cultural buildings, Timur and Independence Squares are some of the most important landmarks in town. Strolling these two squares is pretty pleasant, as they are filled with greenery and fountains. The top highlights would be the Uzbekistan Independence monument and a 7-meter bronze statue of Amir Timur.